T Han p

Pengaruh Program Pemulihan Kognitif Spiritual terhadap depresi korban bencana alam Gempa Bumi di Yogyakarta

Penulis

Handayani, Lestari

Pembimbing: Dr. Sofia Retnowati, MS


ABSTRACT : This research was conducted to discuss the effects of PPKS (Rehabilitation Cognitive Spiritual Program) on the depression level of earthquake victims in Yogyakarta. The program was a cognitive approach and a spiritual approach to lower depression among the earthquake victims. The Cognitive approach was used to reconstruct three negative thoughts that were believed as caused of depression. The Spiritual approach was used to give peace, hope, and strength in dealing with problems as a result of the earthquake. The subjects for experiment and control group were 30 students from 2 different middle schools. The experiment group from SMP 2 Pundong Bantul and the control group from SMP 3 Jetis Bantul. The criteria for subjects in this research were, victims of the May 27th 2006 earthquake that was most effected by the earthquake, subjects must be 12-14 years students who were not involved in the extracurricular activities. They were all Moslems and they had depression (light, mild and heavy) according to BDI (Beck Depression Inventory). PPKS had 5 meetings. The first meeting was conducted to create and guide victim’s psychological dynamic. The second meeting was conducted to identify and defragmented their negative thinking to theirself. The third meeting was conducted to identity and defragmented their negative thinking to their environment / world. The fourth meeting was conducted and defragmented their negative thinking to their future. In the last meeting, Fasilitator tried to review all PPKS’s material and spiritual reflection was conducted in the end of this session. In every meeting they had home work and spiritual session. Anova Mix Repeated Measured was used to analyze data. It showed F value of 14.735 with p = 0.001. It means PPKS significantly lowering depression among the earthquake victims. The contribution value of PPKS in lowering the level of depression was 20.3%. Key Words : Depression Earthquake Victims and Rehabilitation Cognitive Spiritual Program (PPKS).

INTISARI : Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh Program Pemulihan Kognitif Spiritual (PPKS) terhadap simptom depresi korban bencana alam gempa bumi di Yogyakarta. Program dilakukan dengan menggunakan gabungan dua pendekatan yaitu kognitif dan spirit ual. Pendekatan kognitif digunakan untuk memperbaiki tiga pola pikir negatif yang diasumsikan menyebabkan terjadinya depresi. Pendekatan spiritual bertujuan memberikan ketenangan, harapan serta menambah kekuatan korban dalam menghadapi berbagai masalah berkaitan dengan terjadinya gempa bumi. Subjek kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol masing- masing berjumlah 30 siswa dari SMP 2 Pundong Bantul (kelompok eksperimen) dan SMP 3 Jetis Bantul (kelompok kontrol). Kriteria subjek adalah korban gempa 27 Mei 2006 di wilayah yang mengalami kerusakan parah, berusia 12-14 tahun, beragama Islam, tidak mengikuti kegiatan lain di luar sekolah dan mengalami depresi (ringan, sedang, berat) berdasarkan pengukuran BDI (Beck Depression Inventory). PPKS terdiri dari 5 kali pertemuan. Pertemuan pertama (1) membentuk dan membina dinamika psikologis korban. Kedua (2) mengidentifikasi dan melatih cara memperbaiki pikiran/pandangan negatif terhadap diri sendiri. Ketiga (3) mengidentifikasi dan memperbaiki pikiran negatif terhadap lingkungan. Keempat (4) mengidentifikasi dan memperbaiki pikiran negatif terhadap masa depan. Kelima (5) refleksi dan muhasabah berupa renungan spiritual. Pada setiap pertemuan terdapat sesi materi spiritual dan tugas rumah. Teknik yang digunakan untuk menganalisis data adalah anava campuran amatan ulangan. Hasil analisis menunjukkan nilai F sebesar 14,735 dengan p = 0,001. Artinya PPKS terbukti secara signifikan menurunkan depresi korban bencana alam gempa bumi. Sumbangan PPKS menurunkan depresi sebesar 20,3%. Kata kunci : Depresi Korban Bencana Alam Gempa Bumi, Program Pemulihan Kognitif Spiritual.

Kata kunci Depresi,Program Pemulihan Kognitif,Spiritual
Program Studi S2 Psikologi (Psikologi Klinis) UGM
No Inventaris c.1 (4170-H-2007)
Deskripsi xv, 75 p., bibl., ills., 29 cm
Bahasa Indonesia
Jenis Tesis
Penerbit [Yogyakarta] : Universitas Gadjah Mada, 2007
Lokasi Perpustakaan Pusat UGM
File Tulisan Lengkap dapat Dibaca di Ruang Tesis/Disertasi
  • Anda dapat mengecek ketersediaan versi cetak dari penelitian ini melalui petugas kami dengan mencatat nomor inventaris di atas (apabila ada)
  • Ketentuan Layanan:
    1. Pemustaka diperkenankan mengkopi cover, abstrak, daftar isi, bab pendahuluan, bab penutup/ kesimpulan, daftar pusatak
    2. Tidak diperbolehkan mengkopi Bab Tinjauan Pustaka, Bab Pembahasan dan Lampiran (data perusahaan/ lembaga tempat penelitian)
    3. Mengisi surat pernyataan, menyertakakan FC kartu identitas yang berlaku

<< kembali